Crime, Prevention, and Victim Resources
Jeanne Clery Act
Jeanne Ann Clery was a 19-year-old Lehigh University freshman who was raped and murdered in her dorm room on April 5, 1986. Her parents later learned of 38 violent crimes on the Lehigh campus in the three years before her murder. They joined with other victims of campus crime and persuaded the United States Congress to enact this law, which was originally known as the “Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act of 1990.” For more information on The Clery Act go to clerycenter.org.
Summary of the Clery Act
- Colleges must publish an annual report disclosing campus security policies and three years’ worth of specified crime and arrest statistics.
- Colleges must make this report available to students, faculty and staff, and applicants for employment.
- Colleges must make timely warnings to the campus community about crimes that pose an ongoing threat to students and employees.
- Each institution with a police or security department must have a public crime log.
- The U.S. Department of Education centrally collects and disseminates reported statistics (ope.ed.gov/security).
- Campus sexual assault victims are assured of basic rights.
- Colleges that fail to comply can be penalized by the United States Department of Education.
The Southwestern College Annual Security Report can be accessed online at http://www.swccd.edu/index.aspx?page=911 or at various campus locations.
Violence Against Women Act
On March 7, 2013, President Obama signed a bill that strengthened and reauthorized the Violence Against Women Act. Included in the bill was the Campus Sexual Violence Elimination Act (Campus SaVE), which amends the Jeanne Clery Act and affords additional rights to campus victims of sexual violence, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking. For additional information regarding VAWA see References section or visit www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/.
Summary of the Violence Against Women Act
Every post-secondary institution participating in Title IV financial aid programs will be required to:
- Compile statistics of incidents of sexual assault, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalking that occur within Clery geography and are reported to campus security authorities.
- Include within its Annual Security Report a statement of policy regarding:
- Its programs to prevent domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking.
- The procedures that will be followed once an incident of these crimes has been reported, including a statement of the standard of evidence that will be used during any institutional conduct proceeding arising from the report.
- Educational programs to promote the awareness of rape, acquaintance rape, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, and stalking, which shall include primary prevention and awareness programs for incoming students and new employees, as well as ongoing prevention and awareness programs for students and faculty.
- Possible sanctions on protective measures the institution may impose following a final determination of an institutional disciplinary procedure regarding rape, acquaintance rape, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault or stalking.
- Procedures victims should follow if a sex offense, domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking has occurred, including information in writing about it.
- Procedures for institutional disciplinary action in cases of alleged domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault and stalking, which shall include statements that proceedings shall include:
- Information about how the institution will protect the confidentiality of victims.
- Written notification of students about existing counseling, health, mental health, victim advocacy, legal assistance, and other services available for victims on campus and in the community.
- Written notification of victims about options for, and available assistance in, changing academic, living, transportation, and working situations, if requested by the victim and such accommodations are reasonably available, regardless of whether the victim chooses to report the crime to College Police or local law enforcement.
- A student or employee who reports to the institution that they have been a victim of one of the aforementioned crimes shall be provided with a written explanation of the student or employee’s rights and options.